Kyoto University Primate Research Institute Chimpanzee Ai and her friends Chimpanzee Ai Home Cláudia Maria Azenha Margato de Ramalho Sousa

Cláudia Sousa

  1975 - 2014


Fundo Memorial Cláudia Sousa para o Avanço da Primatologia em Portugal

O presente fundo, estabelecido pela equipa internacional de investigação de Bossou-Nimba, tem como principal objetivo a continuação da visão e missão de Cláudia Sousa de encorajar e inspirar o estudo da Primatologia entre os estudantes portugueses. Para tal, um candidato por ano irá ser selecionado para uma estadia temporária no Japão, onde terá oportunidade de conhecer os passos dados pela investigadora no início da sua carreira como primatóloga. As inscrições destinam-se a estudantes de licenciatura, mestrado ou doutoramento de nacionalidade Portuguesa, que tenham sido inspirados pela carreira de Cláudia Sousa, e com interesse em seguir uma carreira na área de Primatologia.

Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund for the Advancement of Portuguese Primatology

The objective of this fund, established by the Bossou and Nimba Research team, is to continue Claudia Sousa’s vision to encourage and inspire Primatological study by Portuguese students. One applicant per year will be selected. Applications are invited from Undergraduate, Masters and PhD students of Portuguese nationality who have been inspired by Claudia and her work and wish to pursue a career in Primatology.

É com satisfação que anunciamos que o candidato de 2016 ao "Fundo Memorial Cláudia Sousa para o Avanço da Primatologia em Portugal" escolhido foi o André Gonçalves. O André licenciou-se em Psicologia pela Universidade de Coimbra no ano de 2011. Em 2015, obteve o Mestrado em Evolução e Biologia Humanas também pela Universidade de Coimbra. A sua tese de mestrado intitulada “Estratégias pós-conflito entre chimpanzés e bonobos em cativeiro: testando o papel das afiliações diádicas e triádicas" foi orientada pela Drª. Eugénia Cunha (Universidade de Coimbra), e co-orientada pela Drª Cláudia Sousa (Universidade Nova de Lisboa) e pelo Dr. Josep Call (Instituto Max Planck, Leipzig, Alemanha). O André irá permanecer 3 meses no “Primate Research Institute” da Universidade de Quioto no Japão, de Janeiro a Março de 2017.

We are happy to announce that the successful 2016 applicant for the ‘Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund for the Advancement of Portuguese Primatology’ is André Gonçalves. André obtained his undergraduate degree in Psychology, in 2011, and his master’s in Evolution and Human Biology, in 2015, from the University of Coimbra. His thesis entitled “Post conflict strategies among captive chimpanzees and bonobos: testing the role of dyadic and triadic affiliations” was supervised by Dr. Eugénia Cunha (University of Coimbra), and co-supervised by Dr. Cláudia Sousa (New University of Lisbon) and Dr. Josep Call (Max Planck Institute, Leipzig, Germany). André will be spending three months at the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University from January to March 2017.

As candidaturas para o ano de 2016 estão agora encerradas

Informação

Duração da bolsa: Em homenagem ao histórico de investigação da Cláudia no Primate Research Institute, no Japão, o fundo irá cobrir as despesas (incluindo viagem, alojamento, estipêndio) a um estudante no início de carreira, de forma a que ele possa permanancer no Primate Research Institute e Wildlife Research Centre (WRC), no Japão. O estudante deverá participar em atividades de investigação e seminários onde terá a oportunidade de aprender e desenvolver o seu interesse pela Primatologia. O período de estadia no Japão deverá ser de um a três meses entre 15 de Abril de 2016 e 15 de Março de 2017, correspondente ao ano letivo japonês.


Data de submissão das inscrições: A data limite para a submissão das inscrições é dia 31 de Março, até às 16 horas de Portugal. Inscrições submetidas após essa data não serão consideradas para avaliação. Os candidatos serão notificados com a decisão final até sexta-feira, dia 8 de Abril de 2016.


Método de submissão: As inscrições deverão ser submetidas via email para a Dra. Kimberley J Hockings, tendo como título (no campo para o assunto): “Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund Application: APELIDO DO CANDIDATO”. O ficheiro anexado deverá estar em formato de PDF, e ser escrito exclusivamente em inglês.


Elegibilidade: Os candidatos deverão ser estudantes de licenciatura, mestrado ou doutoramento (ou entre os programas) de nacionalidade Portuguesa com especialização em Primatologia e/ou áreas relacionadas (ex: Antropologia, Psicologia, Zoologia, Biologia, Conservação, etc). Os candidatos deverão ter autorização do seu orientador/responsável pelo curso para se deslocarem de Portugal até ao Japão.

Procedimento para inscrição:

Os candidatos deverão anexar um ficheiro em formato de PDF composto pelos dois elementos referidos:


1)
O elemento de maior relevância da inscrição consiste na elaboração de um texto (1000 palavras como limite) detalhando as contribuições da Cláudia Sousa para a área de Primatologia, incluindo a sua investigação em chimpanzés, em cativeiro e no estado selvagem, e de como a Cláudia inspirou o candidato a seguir uma carreira em Primatologia. No topo do documento, deverá constar o nome do candidato e a sua afiliação, a fase da sua carreira (licenciatura, mestrado ou doutoramento), a data proposta para o começo e a duração da estadia no Japão. Alterações nas datas não são permitidas após a submissão da inscrição.
2)
Os candidatos deverão anexar um CV atualizado, no qual conste a fase e a progresso da sua carreira e citar o nome de duas referências que conheçam bem o candidato e o seu percurso. Deverão, ainda, incluir a afiliação e o enderenço de email de cada uma das referências mencionadas.
Comissão de Seleção

A Comissão de Seleção é formada pelos seguintes membros da comissão do grupo de investigação Bossou-Nimba e colaboradores internacionais do Universidade de Quioto: Dra. Kimberley J Hockings (Centro de Investigação em Antropologia, CRIA/FCSH, Lisboa e Universidade de Oxford Brookes, RU), Dra. Dora Biro (Universidade de Oxford , RU), Dra. Susana Carvalho (Univsersidade de Oxford, RU e Universidade do Algarve, Portugal), Dra. Misato Hayashi (Universidade de Quioto, Japão), Dr. Satoshi Hirata (Universidade de Quioto, Japão) e Renata Mendonça (Universidade de Quioto, Japão). A bolsa é financiada pelo Professor Tetsuro Matsuzawa (Professor na Universidade de Quioto; Diretor Geral do Japan Monkey Centre; Presidente da International Primatological Society).


Para mais informações sobre a investigação desenvolvida na área de Primatologia pela Universidade Quioto, por favor consulte as seguintes páginas: Primate Research Institute (PRI), Center for International Collaboration and Advanced Studies in Primatology (CICASP), Bossou-Nimba Field study (Green Corridor), Wildlife Research Center (WRC) e o Leading graduate program of Primatology and Wildlife Science (PWS):
http://langint.pri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ai/index.html
http://www.cicasp.pri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/
http://greencorridor.info/
http://www.wrc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/
http://www.wildlife-science.org/index-en.html

Em caso de alguma dúvida relativamente ao procedimento para a inscrição, por favor, contactar a Renata Mendonça (renatadasilva.mendonca[at]gmail.com).

The 2016 call for applications has now ended.

Award information

Duration of grant: In honour of Claudia's research history at the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan, the Fund will cover expenses (including travel, accommodation, stipend) for one early career student to spend between one and three months at the Primate Research Institute and Wildlife Research Center (WRC) in Japan. The student will be expected to learn from, and take part in, research activities and seminars and to develop their passion for Primatology. The period of stay in Japan must between 1 and 3 months, and fall between 15th April 2016 and 15th March 2017.


Closing Date, 2016 Round: The closing date for applications is March 31st 2016 at 4pm (Portuguese time). Submissions received after this deadline will not be considered. Applicants will be notified of the decision by Friday 8th April 2016.


Method of application: Full applications must be submitted via email to Dr Kimberley J Hockings at with the heading “Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund Application: APPLICANT’S SURNAME”. A PDF document in English should be attached to the email.


Eligibility: The applicant must be an Undergraduate, Master’s or PhD student (or between programmes) of Portuguese nationality with specialisation in Primatology and/or a related discipline (e.g. Anthropology, Psychology, Zoology, Biology, Conservation Science etc). The applicant must have permission from their course leader/supervisor to leave Portugal for Japan.

Application Procedure

Applicants should attach one PDF file that consists of two parts:

(1)
The main part of the application comprises a written piece (1000 word limit) detailing the contributions Claudia Sousa has made to the field of Primatology, including her research on captive and wild chimpanzees, and how Claudia and her work has inspired the applicant to pursue a career in Primatology. At the top of the application, the applicant should clearly state their name and affiliation, career stage (Undergraduate, Master’s, PhD), proposed start date and the duration they intend to stay in Japan. These should not be changed after the application.
(2)
Applicants should attach an up-to-date CV which clearly outlines their career stage and progression, and includes the name of two referees who know the applicant well. Please include the affiliation and e-mail address of each referee.

Selection Panel

The Selection panel comprises the following committee members of the Bossou-Nimba research team and Kyoto University International Collaborators: Dr Kimberley J Hockings (Centre for Research in Anthropology, CRIA/FCSH, Lisbon, and Oxford Brookes University, UK), Dr Dora Biro (Oxford University, UK), Dr Susana Carvalho (Oxford University, UK, and University of Algarve, Portugal), Dr Misato Hayashi (Kyoto University, Japan), Dr Satoshi Hirata (Kyoto University, Japan), and Renata Mendonça (Kyoto University, Japan). The scholarship is funded by Professor Tetsuro Matsuzawa (Professor, Kyoto University; General Director, Japan Monkey Centre; President, International Primatological Society).


For more information on primate research at Kyoto University, please follow the links for the Primate Research Institute (PRI), Center for International Collaboration and Advanced Studies in Primatology (CICASP), Bossou-Nimba Field study (Green Corridor), Wildlife Research Center (WRC), and the Leading graduate program of Primatology and Wildlife Science (PWS):
http://langint.pri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ai/index.html
http://www.cicasp.pri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/
http://greencorridor.info/
http://www.wrc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/
http://www.wildlife-science.org/index-en.html

Please contact Renata Mendonça (renatadasilva.mendonca[at]gmail.com) if there are any questions regarding the application.

Video Archive
In honour of Dr Claudia Sousa, we share these videos to perpetuate her achievement in Primatology in Japan and Bossou, Guinea.


How do chimpanzees understand and use tokens? (2 min 2 sec long)
A touch-panel presents a chimpanzee named Ai with a cognitive test. For each correct answer a coin is given. At another side there is a vending machine. Ai obtains a preferred food item after inserting the coin into the vending machine.
Play the Video

Outdoor laboratory to observe stone tool use (1 min 58 sec long)
At Bossou, Guinea, chimpanzees use a pair of stones to crack open oil palm nuts and eat the kernel inside. Researchers observe and record their behavior in an outdoor laboratory.
Play the Video

A novel nut experiment (1 min 46 sec long)
Coula nuts that are not available in the forest of Bossou were provided by researchers. A female used stone tools to crack them open like oil palm nuts and this behavior was transmitted to group mates.
Play the Video

Tool-use for drinking water (1 min 49 sec long)
Artificial holes in the tree trunk at the outdoor laboratory allow the study of chimpanzee drinking behavior. Chimpanzees fold piles of leaves and use them as a tool to drink water.
Play the Video

Using a token to obtain a key to get food (2 min 2 sec long)
A coin is given for each correct choice in a matching-to-sample test. By inserting coin into the vending machine the chimpanzee can select a food reward. At the end of the session the key appears as a choice. The chimpanzee selected the key to unlock a box and obtain a big reward from inside the box.
Play the Video

An infant chimpanzee's acquisition of token use (1 min 57 sec long)
A two-year-old chimpanzee named Ayumu learned the procedure of a cognitive test by observing his mother. After observing his mother Ayumu tried for months to use tokens, and finally succeeded to insert the coin and completed the task.
Play the Video

January 22, 2016    REPORT
Presentation of the Grant Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund 2015   by Raquel Costa

[PDF download]

October 9, 2015
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
Chimpanzees, Humans and Nature. The Legacy of Claudia Sousa

April 21, 2015
2015 Fundo Memorial Claudia Sousa para o Avanco da Primatologia em Portugal
As candidaturas para o ano de 2015 estão agora encerradas
2015 Claudia Sousa Memorial Fund for the Advancement of Portuguese Primatology
The 2015 call for applications has now ended.

Curriculum Vitae

Cláudia Maria Azenha Margato de Ramalho Sousa
Institution: Departament of Anthropology
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Avenida de Berna, 26-C
1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal
Research Unit: Centre for the Research in Anthropology (CRIA-FCSH)
Biographical Note
Cláudia Sousa (1975 - 2014) investigated the behaviour and cognitive abilities of chimpanzees and other non-human primates. She conducted studies about the cognitive abilities of chimpanzees in captivity, at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University, from where she got her doctoral degree. She was also heavily involved in projects concerning the conservation of chimpanzees and other non-human primates, and their interaction with local human populations. She conducted fieldwork at Bossou, Republic of Guinea, and in the south-western region of Republic of Guinea-Bissau. She was a Professor at the Department of Anthropology, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal) since 2001, a founding member and part of the current leadership at the Centre for Research in Anthropology (Lisboa, Portugal), and taught numerous courses within Biological Anthropology.
Academic Degrees
2004
Equivalence to Doctoral degree by Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal).
2003
Doctor of Sciences by Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University (Japan).
2000
MSc in Human Evolution by Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal).
1997
BA in Biology by Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal).

Publications

Papers in International Peer-reviewed Journals


2015
Bessa, J., Sousa, C., Hockings, K.J. (in press). Feeding ecology of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) inhabiting a forest-mangrove-savanna-agricultural matrix at Caiquene-Cadique, Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. American Journal of Primatology.

2014
Sousa, J., Casanova, C., Barata, A.V., Sousa, C. (2014). The effect of canopy closure on chimpanzee nest abundance in Lagoas de Cufada National Park, Guinea-Bissau. Primates, available online. DOI: 10.1007/s10329-013-0402-2.


Sousa, J., Vicente, L., Gippoliti, S., Casanova, C., Sousa, C. (2014). Local Knowledge and Perceptions of Chimpanzees in Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. American Journal of Primatology, 76: 122-134. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22215.

2013
Minhós, T., Nixon, L., Sousa, C., Vicente, L., Ferreira da Silva, M., Sá, R. , Bruford, M.W. (2013). Genetic evidence for spatio-temporal changes in the dispersal patterns of two sympatric African Colobine monkeys. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 150: 464-474. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22223.
Moreira, J., Vukov, J., Sousa, C., Santos, F.C., d’Almeida, A.F., Santos, M.D., Pacheco, J.M. (2013). Individual memory and the emergence of cooperation. Animal Behaviour, 85(1): 233–239. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.10.030.
Hockings, K.J., Sousa, C. (2013) Human-Chimpanzee sympatry and interactions in Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau: current research and future directions. Primate Conservation, 26: 57-65. http://www.primate-sg.org/storage/pdf/PC26_Hockings_chimp-human%20sympatry.pdf
Sá, R.M., Petrasova, J., Pomajbíková, K., Profousova, I.,Petrzelkova, K., Cable, J., Sousa, C., Bruford, M.W., Modry, D. (2013). Gastrointestinal symbionts of chimpanzees in Cantanhez National park, with respect to habitat fragmentation. American Journal of Primatology, 75 (10): 1032-1041. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22170.

2012
Hockings, K.J., Sousa, C. (2012). Differential exploitation of cashew - a low conflict crop - by sympatric humans and chimpanzees. Oryx, 46, 375-381. DOI: 10.1017/S003060531100130X.
Little, A.C., Hockings, K.J., Apicella, C.L., Sousa, C. (2012). Mixed-ethnicity face shape and attractiveness in humans. Perception, 41: 1486 – 1496. DOI:10.1068/p7278.

2011
Sousa, J., Barata, A.V., Sousa, C., Casanova, C., Vicente, L. (2011). Chimpanzee Oil Palm Use in Southern Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. American Journal of Primatology, 73: 1-13. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.20926.

2010
Biro, D., Humle, T., Koops, K. Sousa, C., Hayashi, M., Matsuzawa, T. (2010). Chimpanzee mothers at Bossou, Guinea carry the mummified remains of their dead infants. Current Biology, 20(8): R351-R352. DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2010.02.031.

2009
Sousa, C., Biro, D., Matsuzawa, T. (2009). Leaf-tool use for drinking water by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): acquisition patterns and handedness. Animal Cognition, 12(1): 115-125. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-009-0278-0.

2008
Carvalho, S., Cunha, E., Sousa, C., Matsuzawa, T. (2008). Chaînes Operatóires and Resource Exploitation Strategies in Chimpanzee Nut-cracking (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Human Evolution, 55(1): 148-163. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.02.005

2007
Hockings, K. J., Humle, T., Anderson, J. R., Biro, D., Sousa, C., Ohashi, G. & Matsuzawa, T. (2007). Chimpanzees share forbidden fruit. PLOS ONE, 2(9): e886(online 1-4). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000886
Carvalho, S., Sousa, C., Matsuzawa, T. (2007). New nut-cracking sites in Diecké Forest, Guinea: An overview of the surveys. Pan African News, 14(1): 11-13.

2004
Bard, K., Leavens, D., Custance, D., Vancatova, M., Keller, H., Benga, O., Sousa, C. (2004). Emotion cognition: comparative perspectives on the social cognition of emotion. Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal, VIII (3-4): 351-362. ISSN 1224-8398.

2003
Biro, D., Inoue-Nakamura, N, Tonooka, R., Yamakoshi, G., Sousa, C., Matsuzawa, T. (2003). Cultural innovation and transmission of tool use in wild chimpanzees: Evidence from field experiments. Animal Cognition, 6(4): 213-223. DOI 10.1007/s10071-003-0183-x
Sousa, C., Okamoto, S., Matsuzawa, T. (2003). Behavioural development in a matching-to-sample task and token use by an infant chimpanzee reared by his mother. Animal Cognition, 6(4): 259-267. DOI: 10.1007/s10071-003-0186-7

2001
Sousa, C., Matsuzawa, T. (2001). The use of tokens as rewards and tools by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Animal Cognition, 4(3-4): 213-221. DOI: 10.1007/s100710100104


Papers in National Journals
Sousa, C., Frazão-Moreira, A. (2009). O estudo dos chimpanzés e a sua relação com as comunidades humanas: integrando a Antropologia Biológica e a Antropologia Social. Humanas (Revista da FCSH-UNL), 1: 78-82. ISSN: 1647-3027.
Sousa, C., Casanova, C. (2007[2005-2006]). Are Great Apes Aggressive? A cross-species comparison. Antropologia Portuguesa, 22-23: 71-118. http://www.uc.pt/en/cia/publica/AP_artigos/AP22.23.04_Sousa_e_Casanova.pdf

Book Chapters
Sousa, C. (2014). Os primatas não-humanos dos países lusófonos africanos e a sua conservação. In: Penjon, J., Pereira, C. (Eds.). Animal dans le monde lusophone. Paris, Presses de La Sorbonne, in press.
Casanova, C., Sousa, C., Costa, S. (2014). Are animals and forests forever? Perceptions of wildlife at Cantanhez Forests National Park, Guinea-Bissau Republic. In Casanova, C., Frias, S. (Eds), MEMÓRIA (Special issue in Anthropology and Environment), Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa: Lisboa, in press
Sousa, C. (2011). Use of leaves for drinking water. In: Matsuzawa, T., Humle, T. & Sugiyama, Y. (Eds.). The Chimpanzees of Bossou and Nimba. Tokyo, Springer Verlag: 85-96. ISBN 978-4-431-53921-6.
Sousa, C., Frazão-Moreira, A. (2010). Etnoprimatologia ao serviço da conservação na Guiné-Bissau: o chimpanzé como exemplo. In: Alves, A., Souto, F., Peroni, N. (Eds.). Etnoecologia em Perspectiva: natureza, cultura e conservação. Recife, NUPEEA: 189-200. ISBN: 978-85-63756-05-3.
Sousa, C., Casanova, C., Fernandes, C. (2007.). Contribution of molecular data to the study of non-human primates. In: Cristina Santos & Manuela Lima (Eds.). Recent Advances in Molecular Biology and Evolution: Applications to Biological Anthropolgy. Research Signpost, Kerala: 115-166. ISBN: 978-81-308-0198-8.
Biro, D., Sousa, C., Matsuzawa, T. (2006). Ontogeny and Cultural Propagation of Tool Use by Wild Chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea: Case studies in nut cracking and leaf folding. In: Matsuzawa, T., Tomonaga, M., Tanaka, M. (eds.) Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees. Springer Verlag, Tokyo: 476-508. ISBN 978-4-431-30248-3.
Sousa, C., & Matsuzawa, T. (2006). Token use by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Choice, Metatool, and Cost. In: Matsuzawa, T., Tomonaga, M., Tanaka, M. (eds.) Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees. Springer Verlag, Tokyo: 411-438. ISBN 978-4-431-30248-3.
Sousa, C., Gippoliti, S., Akhlas, M. (2005). Republic of Guinea-Bissau In: J. Caldecott and L. Miles (eds.) World Atlas of Great Apes and their Conservation. Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press, Berkeley, USA: 362-365. ISBN: 9780520246331.
Sousa, C. (2005). Da Primatologia à Evolução Humana. In: Reimão, C. (ed.) Teilhard de Chardin – Evolução e Esperança. Antropologia e Filosofia. Lisboa, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, pp. 28-39. ISBN: 972-9347-03-4.
Gippoliti, S., Embalo, D., Sousa, C. (2003). Chimpanzee conservation status in Guinea-Bissau In: R. Kormos and Boesch (eds) IUCN/SSC Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan for the Western Chimpanzee. IUCN Gland, Switzerland: 55-61. ISBN: 2-8317-0733-1.

Other Publications
Casanova, C., Sousa, C. (2007). Plano de Acção Nacional para a Conservação das Populações de Chimpanzés, Cólobos vermelhos e Cólobos brancos e pretos ocidentais na República da Guiné-Bissau. IBAP e Banco Mundial. http://www.ibap-gb.org/PlanoAc%C3%A7%C3%A3oNacionalChimps+C%C3%B3lobosGB.pdf
Matsuzawa, T., Humle, T., Koops, K., Biro, D., Hayashi, M., Sousa, C., Mizuno, Y., Kato, A., Yamakoshi, G., Ohashi, G., Sugiyama, Y., Kourouma, M. (2004). [Wild chimpanzees at Bossou-Nimba: deaths through a flu-like epidemic in 2003 and the Green-Corridor Project.]. Reichorui Kenkyu/Primate Research, 20(1): 45-55. (in Japanese with summary in English)
Hirata, S., Sousa, C. (2003). [Transfer of Tokens between two chimpanzees] In: Tomonaga, M., Tanaka, M., Matsuzawa, T. (eds.) [Cognitive and Behavioral and Development in Chimpanzees: a comparative approach] (in Japanese). Kyoto, Kyoto University Press.
Sousa, C., Okamoto, S., Matsuzawa, T. (2003). [Cognitive development of an infant chimpanzee, Ayumu, in the context of the token experiments] In: Tomonaga, M., Tanaka, M., Matsuzawa, T. (eds.) [Cognitive and Behavioral and Development in Chimpanzees: a comparative approach] (in Japanese). Kyoto, Kyoto University Press.


Organization of Scientific International Meetings

2011 – 4th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology and III Iberian Primatological Conference – “Diversity within Primatology” (EFP, APP & APE 2011), Almada (Portugal), 14 - 17 September 2011. Member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees. Co coordinator of the Organizing Committee.

2011 – 10th Congress of the International Society of Ethnology and Folklore – “People make places – ways of feeling the world” (SIEF 2011), FCSH-UNL, Lisbon (Portugal), 17 - 21 April 2011. Member of the Local Committee.

2009 – II Iberian Primatological Conference – “On the behaviour of primates: ecology, evolution, and conservation” (APE & APP 2009), Madrid (Spain), 30 September - 3 October 2009. Member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees. Co-coordinator of the Organizing Committee.

2007 – I Iberian Primatological Conference – “Present and Future Challenges” (APP & APE 2007), Peniche (Portugal), 7 - 9 November 2007. Member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees. Co-coordinator of the Organizing Committee.

2005 – The 2nd International Primatological Conference in Portugal (APP 2005), FCSH-UNL, Lisbon (Portugal), 7 - 12 November de 2005. Member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees. Co-coordinator of the Organizing Committee.

2003 – The 1st International Primatological Conference in Portugal (APP 2003). ISCSP-UTL, Lisbon (Portugal), 13 - 18 Outubro 2003. Member of the Organizing and Scientific Committees. Co-coordinator of the Organizing Committee.

2002 – The Joint International Symposium of COE2/SAGA5: “Evolution of the apes and the origins of the human beings”. PRI, Kyoto Universty, Inuyama (Japan), 14 - 17 November 2002. Member of the Organizing Committee.


Foreign Languages

- English (“First Certficate in English”)
- French (“Diplôme de Langue Française de l’Alliance Française de Paris »)
- Spanish (read)
- Japanese (Certificate of Japanese-Language Proficiency, Level 4)


Scientific Associations/Societies

- Portuguese Primatological Association - APP (Associação Portuguesa de Primatologia)
- Portuguese Anthropological Association - APA (Associação Portuguesa de Antropologia)
- Portuguese Ethological Society - SPE (Sociedade Portuguesa de Etologia)
- International Primatological Society – IPS
- Spanish Primatological Association - APE (Associacion Primatologica Espanhola)
- International Society of Ethnobiology - ISE
- Primatological Society of Japan - PSJ

Backdround Photo: Sunset over Mont Gban. Bossou Forest, Mont Nimba, Guinea. Jan 2011. ©Anup Shah & Fiona Rogers
京都大学 霊長類研究所 チンパンジー・アイと仲間たち チンパンジー・アイ Dr. クローディア・ソウザ